ASA TCP state bypass

What it does By default an ASA does stateful inspection of all traffic. It must see the entire conversation to be able to set up the connection and pass the traffic. If traffic is asymmetric, such that the ASA only sees traffic in one direction, the packets will not be passed. Additionally, even if the traffic is symmetric and a new connection is established, subsequent fast path packets will be inspected for things such as TCP sequence number randomization, TCP normalization, and other checks....

April 17, 2021 · 3 min · Jason Lavoie
Cisco 3850 model number sticker

Cisco switch model changes after licensing

When the licensing is updated on certain Cisco switches, the reported model number also changes. One of my coworkers ran into this issue recently while trying to coordinate an RMA with TAC for a 3850 switch. He replicated this in the lab and sent me some screenshots of his terminal session to document what he saw. I thought I’d share it here to help others. Out of the box, with the ipbase license, the switch shows up as an “-S” model....

March 22, 2021 · 1 min · Jason Lavoie