Fire Hydrant Flushing

Filtering a packet capture by DNS Query Name

Overview An application problem was brought to me to troubleshoot. From the symptoms I observed, I was confident that the problem was an intermittent issue with the SAAS provider’s DNS. To prove this assertion, I needed to collect a packet capture of failed query. This post details the process I went through to collect that data. Investigation When the problem was reported, we saw our recursive nameservers returning NXDOMAIN in response to queries for the domain, when manual queries (with dig) directly to the provider’s nameservers returned valid data....

October 28, 2021 · 6 min · Jason Lavoie

Override AppArmor policy for bind

After upgrading a nameserver to Debian 10, I noticed some AppArmor errors in /var/log/auth.log: Jul 29 09:58:18 koala audit[1676]: AVC apparmor="DENIED" operation="mknod" profile="/usr/sbin/named" name="/etc/bind/namedb/dyn/" pid=1676 comm="isc-worker0029" requested_mask="c" denied_mask=" c" fsuid=112 ouid=112 It appears that a default ISC bind install now restricts named to read-only access on /etc/bind. According to /etc/apparmor.d/usr.sbin.named: [...] # /etc/bind should be read-only for bind # /var/lib/bind is for dynamically updated zone (and journal) files. # /var/cache/bind is for slave/stub data, since we're not the origin of it....

July 30, 2021 · 2 min · Jason Lavoie